1916: The last British troops are evacuated from Gallipoli. After British and Australian soldiers were landed in 1915, the ground offensive had stalled, with the British unable to advance and the Ottomans unable to drive them off the peninsula completely. Following the failure of the August 1915 offensive, the decision to evacuate was made, which proceeded in December 1915- January 1916. Each side had incurred some 250,000 casualties in a fruitless campaign.
1960: Nasser begins the construction of the Aswan High Dam. Following the Revolution of 1952, the new Egyptian Revolution set modernisation as one of its priorities. The Aswan High Dam enabled control of the Nile floods, and became a symbol of the post-revolution development of Egypt.